The Evaluation Of Oral Health- Related Quality of Life With The Short Forms Of The Child Perceptions Questionnaire

EVALUATION OF ORAL HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE

  • K. A. Kolawole
  • B. S. Olowe Department of Dental Services Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Abstract

Objective: The study objective was to compare the performance of the complete Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14) and the short versions of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14) in evaluating the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of a population of school children.


Methods: Two hundred secondary school children aged 11-14 years selected through the multi staged sampling technique from public and private secondary schools in Ile-Ife, completed the CPQ11-14 a generic measure of OHRQoL including the short forms; CPQ11–14 -ISF:16, CPQ11–14-ISF:8, CPQ11– 14-RSF:16 and CPQ11–14-RSF:8. Criterion validity, construct validity and internal consistency reliability were assessed.


Results: The mean score for CPQ11–14 -ISF:16 was 13.7 ± 7.2, CPQ11– 14-RSF:16 had a mean of  14.0 ± 7.2. Mean scores for CPQ11–14-ISF:8 and CPQ11–14-RSF:8 were  6.6 ± 3.7 and 6.4 ± 4.0 respectively. The mean scores standardized to 0-100 were higher on the short forms than the original CPQ11–14 except the CPQ11–14-RSF:8, differences were significant between the original CPQ11–14 and CPQ11–14 -ISF:16 and CPQ11–14 -RSF:16 (p < 0.05). There were strong significant correlations between scores of all short forms and original CPQ11–14 (0.78-0.93; p < 0.001). All short forms were positively correlated with the ratings of oral health and overall well-being (p< 0.05). Cronbach's Alpha ranged from 0.59 - 0.74.


Conclusions: All short forms detected variability in children’s OHRQoL, they demonstrated excellent criterion validity and good internal consistency reliability. Further investigations to determine discriminant construct reliability are necessary.

Published
Sep 28, 2018
How to Cite
KOLAWOLE, K. A.; OLOWE, B. S.. The Evaluation Of Oral Health- Related Quality of Life With The Short Forms Of The Child Perceptions Questionnaire. African Journal of Oral Health, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 35-42, sep. 2018. ISSN 0189-5710. Available at: <http://ajoh.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/ajoh/article/view/36>. Date accessed: 13 dec. 2018.