Concurrent Presentation of Dental Lamina Cysts of the Newborn and Natal tooth in a child: A Case report and literature review.
Introduction: Dental lamina cysts and natal/neonatal teeth are rare findings in a neonate with the dental lamina cysts presenting as white or pink small nodules, often multiple, approximately 1 to 3mm in diameter. They are usually located on the alveolar mucosa of both maxillary and mandibular alveolar mucosa and also on the mid-palatine raphe; the whitish colored lamina cysts found on the alveolar mucosa can be confused clinically with neonatal teeth. Neonatal teeth are teeth found in infants within the first 30 days of life, and they present a social stigma to the parent. They are, however have been reported to be a component of the full complement of teeth in 90-95% of cases. Apart from the social stigmata, they can also induce trauma to surrounding soft tissues and / or to the mother’s breast (Riga-Fede phenomenon). While the dental lamina cysts usually resolve spontaneously within few weeks to months, there are indications that might preclude extraction of a natal/neonatal tooth.
Case presentation: In this paper, we present a case of concurrent presentation of multiple dental lamina cysts in an infant with natal teeth.
Conclusions: Clinical diagnoses of these conditions are important in order to avoid unnecessary therapeutic procedure and provide suitable information to parents about the nature of the lesions Further African and Nigerian studies should be performed to ascertain the local prevalence of both lesions and propose adequate guidelines for management for these rare lesions.
Keywords: Dental lamina cyst, Epstein’s pearls, Mucosal cyst, natal/neonatal tooth