Oral infections and susceptibility of its aetiologic bacteria

  • Upe Babaiwa Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin
  • Sylvester Okhuelegbe Eraga Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Nigeria
  • Nneka Chukwuma Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Benin, Nigeria
  • Emeka Danielson Odai Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Benin, Nigeria
  • Ozoemene Ndubuisi Obuekwe Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Benin, Nigeria
  • John Akerele Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Nigeria.

Abstract

Objectives: This study evaluates the distribution of oral infections and the antibiogram of associated bacterial aetiologic agents. With a view to developing sustainable interventional strategies for improved oral health.


Methods: Surface and deep sockets specimen were collected from 155 patients with independent sterile swab sticks. Each specimen was subjected to standard methods for isolation, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing.


Results: Patients between 20 - 29 years were more predisposed to oral infections with dental caries and it sequale; acute apical periodontitis being the most prevalent oral infection irrespective of sex. Teeth in upper and lower right quadrants of the mouth were most infected and extracted. Streptococci (33.33 %.), Corynebacterium (21.53 %), Staphylococcus (18.75 %) Neisseria (15.97 %) species and were the most prevalent bacteria isolated from both sexes. Less than 40 % of all isolate were susceptible to β lactams in contrast to over 80 % susceptibility to fluoroquinolones.


Conclusion: This study recommends the fluoroquinolones for the management of oral infections at the Dental Clinic in University of Benin Teaching Hospital as long as the benefits outweigh the risk.

Published
Nov 24, 2021
How to Cite
BABAIWA, Upe et al. Oral infections and susceptibility of its aetiologic bacteria. African Journal of Oral Health, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. 20-26, nov. 2021. ISSN 0189-5710. Available at: <https://ajoh.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/ajoh/article/view/99>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2021.